If you look around, you will find at least one thing that has the ability to connect to the internet.it may be your phone, it may be your laptop, your TV, or even your fridge, internet of things generally refer to the collection of all those devices, but now just you can argue that anything’s that has the ability to connect to the internet and collection and share data is a part of the internet of things or IoT in short.
What is IoT?
Basically, we have the device that collects data from its surroundings using sensors and actuators and sends this collection data to the internet where the processing of that data can happen.
There are many devices that can be included in this classification. an example can be phones, laptops, T.V, DVS refrigerators, washing machines, watches, cars, and even homes. Yes whole homes themselves can be a part of IoT too. You can easily know the trend around. most IoT devices have the word smart at the start of their names,
Smart homes, smartwatches, smartphones, smart DVS.
Why do we need IoT?
It makes our lives easier and more comfortable. If we take an example I mentioned above earlier, like smartphones, the smartphone has more use cases than I can, list here without going on for hours, it can call, it allows us to watch movies, it allows us to connect to the internet, interact with the stranger on veered forums shop or things. We need general entertainment. You get the idea,
but let’s take a better example for our understanding, Smart houses, smart houses have many different features that we can learn about. one of the features is automatic lights, where the lights automatically detect your presence in the room and get switched on. Or they can be voice-activated, and you can say activate and they will get searched john. And it also has his name next-gen security to keep your house safe. But it allows only authorized people to enter your and locks up everything When u leave
Makes our life more comfortable
Then it has entertainment management, fair using devices, such as google home, Alexa echoes to keep track of your chores, to play movies and songs, etc.
It also keeps temperature management; the house automatically adjusts to the most. You know temporary too, based on the surrounding climate. so you can note how it brings luxury into our lives and makes it more comfortable for us to live.
It benefit society and industries
Such as health care has many uses, doctor, patients interaction, for example, it allows for remote interaction between patients and doctors. So if a patient has any sort of deadly disease. The doctor doesn’t necessarily have to come in close, contact to help the patients out.
Another example here is that data amylases are improved greatly .now doctors make an amazing decisions based on the time and the data they have been given, but commuters can sometimes make better decisions. And combing computers and doctors can give us the best diagnosis possible for patients. so it helps us out a lot in the healthcare industry.
Make our society more efficient
Farming has been one of the industries that have stayed with us since the beginning of human civilization itself. And right now is the correct time to improve upon our traditional methods and shift them to modern farming to provide food for our evergreen population. Smart technology has definitely helped us increase productivity through new devices like smart tractors and analysis devices.
Now this industry has already taken IoT with open arms it already has automation replacing many menial jobs. IoT does not only increase interactivity but also boosts efficiency, adds production as well in this industry.
Now better methods to teach children are already being implemented out there. That is in conjunction with the internet of things. A good example is augmented reality .being uses some classes to give students a better experience of real-life animals, and even extinct animals hence having IoT will not only be beneficial to us individually but also be beneficial to us as a society.
How does IoT works?
Let’s discuss the IoT architecture. there are basically four layers to it. the first layer is the sensing slash device there, which is basically the thing part of IoT. this thing basically with the device, it has sensors and actuators that collect the data from the surroundings based on specific functions,
Examples are preachers, sensors, atmospheric pressure sensors, and light sensors.
They collect all the data and they give it to the embedded device now after r the data has been collected through the sensing device layer, it goes to the connectivity layer, very decent to the cloud using the internet .this connection is generally me through one of the method like via, Bluetooth cellular, RFID, or NFC after the comes to data processing layer.
Now the data, once it reaches the cloud is subject to the real meat of the whole process. that is the analysis part of the data.
The different types of algorithms are used. based on the type of data collected and other assumptions to get meaningful insights and the patterns, then the decision is made based on the insights gained. Once the hard part is over the result of the decision is conveyed to the thing or an IOT device. and similarly changes made user interface and application. its the last layer, this is a layer that most of us will actually see,
it is a layer we used to with dietary device .it can be the touch screen, or the buttons that are on the device, its basically to the front end to the all the backend processing which include the previous level, It have an examples to explain this process, it’s a smart fridge, the sensor in the smart fridge collect data from the surrounding they see what kind of temperature it is, let say it is 34 degrees and what kind of items is being stored inside the fridge? once it collects all of this data .it sends into the central clouds where the processing happens based on this collected data.
The system decides the inside temperature of the fridge, it should be 20 degrees and we can see the result of this on the interactive screen on the fridge, now we have been involved in the process but we saw the result that we wanted this is how IoT work in adjust.
What kind of feature does IoT have?
It would not be crazy to see that WE MAY LIVE in the future .heart lake Howard is depicted in Sci-Fi movies, not the star or skype but more like the blatant and ironman kind. but everything we touch on everything we used is connected to the internet buried with the central clouds, where all of our data is being collected and being utilized to make a lie, And society is a much better place.
you can assume almost everything is going to be automated and connected to the internet, everything your table your phones, which are already are your doors your hangers and you know examples, and you can know that all of them are going to be a part of IRD in future. there is defiantly a lot of space for growth.
so if you are thinking of a carrier in this field, not at all a bad idea.it will be both satisfying and challenging flow from everything we use, and it will use to make our lives easier.
Every person, no matter what background or what professions they are from will be affected by it in both good or bad ways, it will be, or rather it is the advent of a new era.